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Toys, Games Nintendo Games Famicom

Nintendo・Games・Famicom

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Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) - The '80s 8-bit wonder machine

The NES, known in Japan as the Family Computer (abbreviated to Famicom), is Nintendo's first home console with interchangeable cartridges. It debuted in Japan in July of 1983 and went on to be released internationally, dominating the market for the rest of the decade. Since it had such a successful launch after the video game crash of 1983, it is commended for revitalizing the entire gaming industry. The NES was succeeded by the 16-bit SNES (Super Nintendo Entertainment System) in 1990 under the assumption that all 8-bit consoles would quickly become obsolete. However, the 8-bit NES surprisingly continued thriving in a 16-bit market and maintained support and production until 1995. Though the original NES has been discontinued for many years, fans' undying love for the console led to the production of the NES Classic Edition, a miniaturized and modernized version of the original NES, in November 2016.

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The NES is an iconic system that, in its heyday, offered comparatively more advanced technology and facilitated what are now some of the most lucrative franchises in the industry. Its importance to video games is unparalleled, having saved the US gaming industry from collapsing as a result of Atari's infamous crash in the early 1980s. The NES propelled video games to new heights in terms of game design, save functions, story involvement, and character control. With the NES came the modern model for third-party developers on video game consoles and the licensing of video games.

The design of the NES hardware differed depending on its region. The original Japanese Famicom was white with red segments on what were considered the most important parts of the console. For the American version of the NES, Nintendo changed its overall appearance greatly. It was designed to resemble a VCR, with a much more boxy shape and a color scheme consisting of different shades of gray.

It was the NES that introduced to the world to various iconic franchises like Mario, The Legend of Zelda, Mega Man, and Final Fantasy. The best-selling game on the console is Super Mario Bros., though the total number of units sold includes those bundled with Duck Hunt and the console itself (which makes up a majority of the units). The best-selling standalone title on the system is Super Mario Bros. 3 at 18 million copies sold worldwide. The NES has been sold across Asia, North America, Europe, and Australia. With nearly 62 million units sold worldwide, it was the best selling Nintendo console of all time until January 2010 when it was overtaken by the Wii.

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